Blood disorders: Diagnosis and treatment
A physician generally goes for the complete blood count (CBC) for the principle detection of blood disorders. Complete blood count (CBC) is the basic test after that to diagnose person's blood disorder, the doctor usually must do further blood tests. Once a doctor or consultants finds something is wrong with the blood cell types, many additional tests are available for further detection of disease. Doctors can measure proportion of the different types of WBCs (white blood cells) and can also determine subtypes of these cells by assessing certain markers on the surface of the cells. Assessments are made to measure the capacity of WBC to fight foreign body or infection, to evaluate the functioning of blood platelets and their ability to clot and to check the contents of RBC to help to determine the cause of anemia or why the cells are not functioning properly. Most of these blood tests are done on the blood sample sometimes require a bone marrow sample as well for bone marrow. Hematologists go for the apt treatment based on the diagnosis. Nowadays we have numerous approaches to treat blood malignancies such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy etc. Today’s special procedures to treat gene therapy is being used to treat blood ailments. The Investigators are endeavouring to search out ways that to correct the defective genes that cause Blood Disorders. Nevertheless, Gene therapy hasn’t established to resolve that is accepted therapy for blood disorders. Though investigators still look at a gene therapy in clinical trials. Bone marrow transplantation, cord blood transplantation and haematopoietic stem cell therapy are new rising varieties of treatment for blood disorders.